Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish Baroque artist who turned out a huge number of paintings during his career.  He was able to do this with the assistance of a number of assistants, who in many cases painted almost the entire painting.  These assistants were master painters in their own right, but agreed to paint exactly in the style of Rubens and faithfully follow his directions in exchange for a steady paycheck.  Rubens would add some finishing touches and sign the paintings as if he had painted the entire thing.  Of course, sometimes Rubens would paint an entire painting from start to finish.  We have no way of knowing for sure which ones were painted by his own hands or those of his assistants.

     Rubens was influenced by the Renaissance artists Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.  He also was very much influenced by the paintings of his contemporary Caravaggio.  Rubens paintings are filled with movement, intense colors and emotion.  His male figures tend to be unnaturally muscular, while his female subjects appear to have enjoyed many buckets of fried chicken during their lives.  This pleasingly plump appearance is sometimes referred to as "Rubenesque".  If you are a man, you are just fat.




Venus at Her Mirror





Massacre of the Innocents


Raising of the Cross


The Rape of the Daughters of Lucippus

The Drunken Hercules

Bacchus and Ceres

Virgin and Child